is the Russian acronym for the “ Theory of Inventive Problem Solving,” an international system of creativity developed in the U.S.S.R between 1946 and 1985, by engineer and scientist Genrich S. Altshuller and his colleagues.
The master inventor identifies and codifies principle enabling creative innovation and uses them to make creative process more predictable.
In other words, whatever problem you’re facing, somebody, somewhere, has already solved it (or one very like it). Creative problem solving involves finding that solution and adapting it to your problem. (Mind Tools)